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The ox that will crown the tower of St. Luke at Gaudi's Sagrada Famila. Photo: SAGRADA FAMILIA
The ox that will crown the tower of St. Luke at Gaudi's Sagrada Famila. Photo: SAGRADA FAMILIA

Sagrada Familia completes construction of its Evangelist Luke Tower

Gaudí's famous temple in Barcelona is in the final stretch of its construction

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This is good news for tourists and lovers of Barcelona. The Sagrada Familia, one of the most emblematic monuments of the city of Barcelona, known for the fanciful forms that Gaudí gave it and the cranes and scaffolding that have permanently flanked it for years, is finally approaching the final stretch of its construction, focused on the erection of its six central towers.

This week, the sculpture of the tetramorph in the form of a winged ox with a book, the symbol of the Evangelist Luke, has been placed at the top of the tower dedicated to the Evangelist.

It is the first of the two towers of the Evangelists that are expected to be completed by 2022. In total, there are four Evangelist towers that will surround the tower of Jesus Christ, which is scheduled to be completed by the end of December this year.

During the next few days, work will be done on the tower of the Evangelist Mark, with the placement, first, of the wings and, later, of the book and the figure of the lion, the symbol of this evangelist, which is also a symbol of strength, courage and royalty. Between November and December, the scaffolding will be progressively removed from the two towers and the two terminals of the towers will be uncovered.

Sagrada Familia in Blue
On Nov. 12, The Sagrada Familia lit up blue to support the World Pneumonia Awareness Campaign. Photo: SAGRADA FAMILIA


The four towers of the Evangelists are part of the central towers. In this way, the four figures of the tetramorph will form a halo around the tower of Jesus Christ and the cross. The figures of the tetramorph are the work of sculptor Xavier Medina Campeny and, according to Christian iconography, represent the narrators of the life of Jesus: a man or angel in the case of Matthew, a lion in the case of Mark, an ox in the case of Luke and an eagle in the case of John.

The sculptures are made of Thassos marble, a white marble used since ancient times in Greek and Roman sculptures. Of this same material is the book of the Gospel that accompanies each sculpture and that incorporates the corresponding abbreviations of each evangelist, elaborated with "trencadís" of different reddish tonalities.

The two towers are scheduled to be illuminated for the first time on Dec. 16, coinciding with the start of the traditional Christmas Concert at the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia.

The Sagrada Família Construction Board is working with the aim of completing the tower of Jesus Christ in 2026, coinciding with the centenary of the death of Antoni Gaudí.

The tower of Jesus will be the central tower of the temple and the tallest, reaching 172.50 meters. It will be crowned by a cross measuring 17 meters high, with four 13.50-meter wide arms.

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