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Bracero Program

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Mexican migrant workers, employed under the Bracero Program to harvest crops on Californian farms, are shown picking chili peppers in this 1964 photograph. The Bracero Program, a labor agreement between the United States and Mexico, supplied Californian farms in 1964 with 100,000 Mexican laborers. Bracero stems from the Spanish word for arm, "brazo,'' and refers to the hard manual labor. (AP Photo)

When President Roosevelt praised the "great enthusiasm" of Mexican farmworkers crossing the border, the world was not much different.