2015 Nobel Prize for medicine recognizes three doctors working on parasitic diseases
One Japanese doctor, Satoshi Omura; one Irish, William Campbell; and one Chinese, Youyou Tu, shared 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine.
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Monday October 5 marks the day the Nobel Assembly starts announcing the recipients of the Nobel Prize for the year 2015. The first one to be unveiled was the Nobel Prize in Medicine.
Three doctors from three different nationalities share the award, which recognizes the work they do in the field of parasitic diseases. "This year’s Nobel Laureates have developed therapies that have revolutionized the treatment of some of the most devastating parasitic diseases,” the Nobel Assembly said.
The Irish-born William C. Campbell and the Japanese Satoshi Ōmura discovered a new drug, called Avermectin, "which has radically lowered the incidence of River Blindness and Lymphatic Filariasis,” according to the Nobel Assembly.
This year the Nobel Prize was also acknowledged the work of Youyou Tu, who "discovered Artemisinin, a drug that has significantly reduced the mortality rates for patients suffering from Malaria.”
"These two discoveries have provided humankind with powerful new means to combat these debilitating diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people annually. The consequences in terms of improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable,” said the Nobel Assembly. "The global impact of their discoveries and the resulting benefit to mankind are immeasurable.”
The Nobel commission will announce the next award October 6, and it will be The Nobel Prize in Physics, while on October 7 the recipients of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be revealed. The Nobel Prize in Literature will be known by October 8 and the Nobel Peace Prize on October 9. The last Nobel to be announced will be the one in the field of Economics (October 12).