A new NASA-funded project led by Temple University's Victor Gutierrez-Velez could shape the country's environmental policy for years to come.
Math has already been used effectively in defining protected areas in places with productive activities in 150 countries over the past 15 years. The best example of that application is Australia's Great Barrier Reef, where a software called Marxan permitted the expansion of protected areas from 5 percent to 35 percent while preserving species and improving fishing.
The head of the UN called on member countries to begin discussions to define the new model for managing the oceans, whose health has been seriously damaged in recent decades, he said, as a result of "pollution, overfishing and the effects of climate change."
One of the most important labs in Latin America is preserving genetic resources to protect species from future natural catastrophes, specifically ones that are important to human survival.