U.S. HIV rate high for the Americas
Countries across the globe are recognizing World AIDS Day, but some have come further than others in the fight to educate the public and prevent HIV and make treatment accessible.
Although the United States is home to the highest number of HIV-infected individuals in North and South America, its rate of HIV infection is close to most Latin American countries. However, Latinos in the U.S. have higher rates of HIV than white Americans. About 1 in 5 people living with HIV in the U.S. are Latino, and Latino men are three times more likely than white men to have HIV. Latinas are four times more likely than white women, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Of those Americans with HIV, not all receive proper treatment. A CDC study from November found that just 30 percent of Americans with HIV have the virus under control, and 40 percent are in HIV medical care. Little more than half of all Latinos with HIV stay in treatment. Increasing access to education, care and bilingual health professionals are strategies that experts cite to reduce the prevalence of HIV among Latinos, in particular.
Other countries with high rates of infection in the Americas are Belize, Trinidad and Tobago, The Bahamas, Haiti, Jamaica and Guyana. The map below shows countries’ percentage of the population with HIV, based on 2011 data from the World Health Organization.